It is with great excitement that we announce the launch of our 60Plus Club!
Health and fitness are not reserved for the young! Now we encourage our more mature members to join in and get:
- Tips and advice on staying fit as you age.
- Sessions on medical conditions and ailments that can affect the elderly.
- Specific and unique exercise sessions that are aimed at getting you moving gently, but effectively.
- Socialise and mingle with others in your age group!
Protein is a key nutrient for weight loss. In fact, adding more protein to your diet is the easiest and most effective way to lose weight. Studies show that protein can help curb your appetite and keep you from overeating. Therefore, starting your day with a high-protein breakfast may be an effective weight loss tip.
Should You Eat Breakfast?
In the past, skipping breakfast has been associated with weight gain. We now have good evidence showing that recommendations to eat or skip breakfast have no effect on weight gain or loss. However, eating breakfast may be a good idea for other reasons. For example, it may improve mental performance in school children, teenagers and certain patient groups. This may also depend on the quality of the breakfast. Even if the stereotypical breakfast (like high-sugar breakfast cereal) has no effect on weight, a breakfast that is high in weight loss friendly protein may have different effects.
Bottom Line: Recommendations to eat or skip breakfast have no effect on weight. However, the same may not apply to a high-protein breakfast.
How Protein Helps You Lose Weight
Protein is the single most important nutrient for weight loss. This is because the body uses more calories to metabolize protein, compared to fat or carbs. Protein also keeps you feeling fuller for longer. One study in women showed that increasing protein intake from 15 to 30% of total calories helped them eat 441 fewer calories per day. They also lost 11 pounds (5 kg) in just 12 weeks. Another study found that increasing protein to 25% of total calories reduced late-night snacking by half and obsessive thoughts about food by 60%. In yet another study, two groups of women were put on weight loss diets for 10 weeks. The groups ate the same amount of calories, but different amounts of protein. All the women in the study lost weight. However, the high-protein group lost about half a kg (1.1 lbs) more, and a larger percentage of body fat. Protein may also help you maintain weight loss in the long term. A study found that increasing protein from 15 to 18% of calories made dieters regain 50% less weight.
Bottom Line: Adding protein to your diet is a very effective way to lose weight. It may also help dieters sustain long-term weight loss.
High-Protein Breakfasts Help You Eat Less Later
Many studies are examining how protein at breakfast affects eating behavior. Some of them have shown that high-protein breakfasts reduce hunger and help people eat up to 135 fewer calories later in the day. In fact, MRI scans have shown that eating a protein-rich breakfast reduces the signals in the brain that control food motivation and reward-driven behavior. Protein also helps you feel full. This is because it activates the body’s signals that curb appetite, which reduces cravings and overeating. This is mostly due to a drop in the hunger hormone ghrelin and a rise in the fullness hormones peptide YY, GLP-1 and cholecystokinin. Several studies have now demonstrated that eating a high-protein breakfast changes these hormones throughout the day
Bottom Line: High-protein breakfasts reduce calorie intake later in the day. They improve the levels of your appetite-regulating hormones, leading to reduced hunger and cravings.
How Protein at Breakfast Helps You Lose Weight and Belly Fat
High-protein breakfasts can reduce appetite and cravings. They may also help you lose belly fat. Dietary protein is inversely related to belly fat, meaning the more high-quality protein you eat, the less belly fat you have. One study of obese, Chinese teens showed that replacing a grain-based breakfast with an egg-based meal led to significantly more weight loss over 3 months. The higher-protein breakfast group lost 3.9% of their body weight (about 2.4 kg or 5.3 lbs), while the lower-protein group lost only 0.2% (0.1 kg or 0.2 lbs). In another study, people on a weight loss program received either an egg breakfast or a bagel breakfast with the same amount of calories. After 8 weeks, those eating the egg breakfast had a 61% higher reduction in BMI, 65% more weight loss and a 34% greater reduction in waist measurements.
Bottom Line: Eating protein for breakfast can lead to significant weight loss, especially if you have a lot of weight to lose.
Protein May Slightly Boost Your Metabolism
Speeding up your metabolism can help you lose weight, as it makes you burn more calories. Your body uses much more calories to metabolize protein (20-30%) than carbs (5-10%) or fat (0-3%). This means you burn more calories by eating protein than by eating carbs or fat. In fact, a high protein intake has been shown to result in an extra 80 to 100 calories burned each day. A high protein diet can also help prevent muscle loss during calorie restriction, and partly prevent the reduction in metabolism that often comes with weight loss, often referred to as “starvation mode”.
Bottom Line: A high protein intake has been shown to boost metabolism by up to 100 calories per day. It can also help you maintain muscle mass and a high metabolism when you restrict calories.
Which High-Protein Foods Should You Eat For Breakfast?
In short, EGGS. Eggs are incredibly nutritious and high in protein. Replacing a grain-based breakfast with eggs has been shown to help you eat fewer calories for the next 36 hours and lose more weight and body fat. However, fish, seafood, meat, poultry and dairy products are also great sources of protein to include for breakfast.
Here are a few examples of high-protein breakfasts that can help you lose weight:
- Scrambled eggs: with veggies, fried in coconut oil or olive oil.
- An omelette: with cottage cheese and spinach (my personal favorite).
- Stir-fried tofu: with kale and dairy-free cheese.
- Greek yogurt: with wheat germ, seeds and berries.
- A shake: one scoop of whey protein, a banana, frozen berries and almond milk.
- Protein pancakes are also a very popular breakfast food at the moment.
Bottom Line: Eggs make a great, high-protein breakfast. However, other high-protein breakfast foods are also good choices.
If You Eat Breakfast, Make it High in Protein
If you do choose to eat breakfast, eat one that is rich in protein. The protein content of the breakfast meals in the studies above ranged from 18 to 41% of calories, with at least 20 total grams of protein.Read More
Many people want to lose weight. They often turn to supplements, hoping for an easy solution. However, the real-life effects of most weight loss pills and supplements are usually disappointing. One weight loss supplement that entered the market recently is called spinach extract. This supplement is claimed to cause weight loss by reducing appetite and cravings. This is a detailed review of spinach extract and its weight loss effects.
What is Spinach Extract?
Spinach extract is a weight loss supplement made from spinach leaves. It is also known by a trademark name, Appethyl, which is owned by the Swedish company Greenleaf Medical AB. Spinach extract is a green powder that can be mixed with water or smoothies. It is also sold in other forms, including capsules and snack bars. The powder consists of concentrated spinach leaf thylakoids, which are microscopic structures found inside the chloroplasts of all green plant cells. The role of the thylakoids is to harvest sunlight, which provides plants with the energy they need to produce carbs. This process is known as photosynthesis. Thylakoids are composed of about 70% proteins, antioxidants and chlorophyll, while the other 30% mostly consists of fat. Thylakoids are not unique to spinach leaves. In fact, they are found in the leaves of all green plants, and similar supplements could also be made from those plants.
Note that other supplements may also be called spinach extract. This article, however, only refers to the type of thylakoid concentrate found in Appethyl.
Bottom Line: Spinach extract is a weight loss supplement. It contains thylakoids, which consist mostly of proteins, antioxidants and chlorophyll.
How Does Spinach Extract Work?
Thylakoids from spinach extract suppress the activity of lipase, an enzyme that digests fat. This helps delay fat digestion, which increases the levels of appetite-reducing hormones like glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1). It also reduces levels of ghrelin, the hunger hormone. Unlike pharmaceutical weight loss drugs like orlistat, thylakoids cause a temporary delay in fat digestion, but do not prevent it completely. As a result, spinach extract doesn’t have the unpleasant side effects of other lipase-inhibiting drugs, such as fatty stools and stomach cramps. It is not entirely clear what part of the thylakoids is responsible for these effects, but they may be caused by certain proteins or fats called galactolipids.
Bottom Line: Spinach extract promotes weight loss by delaying fat digestion, temporarily reducing appetite and causing people to eat less.
Can Spinach Extract Help You Lose Weight?
Animal studies have shown that taking thylakoid-rich spinach extract may reduce body fat and weight. Human studies of overweight adults have shown that adding 3.7 to 5 grams of spinach extract to a meal reduces appetite for several hours. By suppressing appetite, spinach extract may lead to weight loss, if taken regularly over a few months. One study of overweight women found that eating 5 grams of spinach extract every day, during a 3-month weight loss program, resulted in 43% greater weight loss, compared to a placebo.
Body mass index (BMI), fat mass and lean mass decreased as well during the study, but there were no significant differences across groups. It should be noted, however, that some of the researchers involved in this trial have financial ties to the company that developed the supplement. Therefore, the findings need to be confirmed by an independent research group.
Bottom Line: Studies have shown that taking spinach extract supplements for a few months may cause weight loss. However, because of a potential conflict of interest, further studies are needed.
Spinach Extract May Fight Cravings
Spinach extract may suppress the brain’s food reward system, reducing cravings. When overweight women consumed 5 grams of spinach extract per day, cravings for sweets decreased by 95%. Similarly, cravings for chocolate decreased by 87%. Another study in women suggests that 5 grams of spinach extract reduces cravings for snack foods, including those that are salty, sweet and fatty. However, there were no effects on calorie intake at a later buffet. The reduction in cravings may be because spinach extract promotes the release of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), which acts on the food reward system.
Bottom Line: Spinach extract may suppress the brain’s food reward system, temporarily reducing cravings. Over time, this contributes to weight loss.
Safety and Side Effects
Spinach extract does not appear to have any serious side effects. In healthy people, it may temporarily reduce insulin levels and increase blood sugar. However, it does not seem to have long-term effects on blood sugar control. Nonetheless, further studies are needed to assess the safety of spinach extract for patients with type 2 diabetes.
Bottom Line: Spinach extract may reduce insulin levels temporarily. Otherwise, its use appears to be safe and without any side effects.
Dosage, How to Use and Where to Buy
An effective dose of spinach extract is about 4–5 grams, when taken with a meal. However, you may need to take it for a few months before you see any effects on weight. Since spinach extract delays fat digestion and reduces appetite for a few hours, its effects are stronger when it’s taken before a meal that contains fat. For maximum benefits, you should also take it early in your day, such as in the morning or around noon. Also, you shouldn’t expect to see any significant benefits from the supplement alone. As with all weight loss supplements, you also need to make some lifestyle changes.
Bottom Line: Spinach extract should be taken with meals that contain fat, preferably in the morning or around noon. An effective dose is 4–5 grams per day.
Should You Try Spinach Extract?
The available evidence shows that spinach extract may be an effective weight loss supplement. By delaying fat digestion, it temporarily reduces appetite and cravings. When combined with other lifestyle modifications, this may lead to significant weight loss. However, many of the spinach extract studies have ties to the company that makes it. Further studies by independent research groups would strengthen the evidence. Just remember that spinach extract on its own won’t work any miracles. But along with some changes to your lifestyle, you may see some real benefits.Read More